Events in year of 1884

  • 01-04Last sighting of an eastern cougar (Ontario)
  • 01-08Chrome tanning process for leather patented by Augustus Schultz
  • 01-18General Charles Gordon departs London for Khartoum
  • 01-261st Dutch Wagner version of Elizabeth aria
  • 02-011st volume of the Oxford English Dictionary, A-Ant, published
  • 02-07Canadian Rugby Football Union forms
  • 02-18General Charles Gordon arrives in Khartoum
  • 02-19Tornadoes in Miss, Ala, NC, SC, Tenn, Ky and In kill 800 people
  • 02-26British and Portuguese treaty signed in Congo by Leopold II
  • 03-12Mississippi establishes 1st US state college for women
  • 03-13Siege of Khartoum Sudan begins
  • 03-13US adopts Standard Time
  • 03-17John Joseph Montgomery makes 1st glider flight, Otay, California
  • 03-271st long-distance telephone call, Boston-NY
  • 04-02London prison for debtors closed
  • 04-10US Senate accepts Belgian administration of Congo
  • 04-20Pope Leo XIII encyclical "On Freemasonry"
  • 04-21Potters Field reopened as Madison Park
  • 04-22Thomas Stevens starts 1st bike trip around world (2 yrs 9 mos)
  • 04-24National Medical Association of Black physicians organizes (Atlanta)
  • 05-01Construction begins on Chicago 1st skyscraper (10 stories)
  • 05-01Moses Walker became 1st black player in major league
  • 05-13Institute for Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) forms
  • 05-14Anti-Monopoly party forms in US
  • 05-17Alaska becomes a US territory
  • 05-19Ringling Brothers circus premieres
  • 05-221-armed pitcher Hugh Daily fanned 13 hitters
  • 05-26Fred Spofforth takes 7-34 and 7-3 vs. England XI in 4 hours
  • 05-291st steam cable trams start in highgate
  • 05-31Dr John Harvey Kellogg patents "flaked cereal"

People born in year of 1884

  • 01-03Eli S Jones: United States -- Evangelist (Christ of Indian road)
  • 01-03Raoul Armand Georg Koczalski: Composer
  • 01-10James Philip Dunn: Composer
  • 01-12Louis Horst: Composer
  • 01-13Johannes Elsensohn: Dutch actor / writer (Arie, novel from the Jordan)
  • 01-13Sophie Tucker [Kalish]: Russia -- Singer / last of red hot mammas
  • 01-18Arthur Ransome: English author (Swallows & Amazons)
  • 01-19Albert Louis Wolff: Composer
  • 01-20A[braham P] Merritt: United States -- Sci-fi author (Moon Pool, Creep Shadow!)
  • 01-21Katie Sandwina: Germany -- Legendary woman weight-lifter
  • 01-21Roger Nash Baldwin: Founder (American Civil Liberties Union)
  • 01-25Edward Kilenyi: Composer
  • 01-26Edward Sapir: Germany -- Linguist / antropologist (indians)
  • 01-26Roy Chapman Andrews: United States -- Scientist / explorer
  • 01-28Auguste Piccard: Switzerland -- Scientist / explorer (balloonist)
  • 01-28Jean Felix Piccard: Switzerland -- Scientist / explorer (balloonist)
  • 01-29Juhan Aavic: Composer
  • 01-31Nicholas Joy: Paris, France -- Actor (Boss Lady)
  • 02-01Yevgeny Zamyatin: Russia -- Novelist / playwright (We)
  • 02-02Julis Deutsch: Austria -- Politician / General Spanish Republican Army
  • 02-02S Z Sakall: Budapest, Hungary -- Actor (Dolly Sisters, Casablanca)
  • 02-04Julius Callewaert: Flemish dominican / bringing up children
  • 02-09Frederik Gerretson [Geerten Gossaert]: Dutch poet / politician)
  • 02-12Max Beckmann: German painter / graphic artist
  • 02-16Robert Flaherty: Michigan, United States -- Father of documentary film (Nanook of North)
  • 02-17Arthur Vanderpoorten: Flemish Minister of Internal affairs (1940)
  • 02-18Burt Mustin: Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania -- Actor (All in the Family, Andy Griffith Show)
  • 02-22Abraham "Abe" Attell: Boxing hall of famer
  • 02-23Frank Cellier: Surbiton, England -- Actor (Quiet Wedding, Big Blockade)
  • 02-23Herman Courtens: Belgian painter

People died in year of 1884

  • 01-06Gregor Mendel: Augustine Monk / heredity pioneer, dies at 61
  • 01-06Paul Taglioni: "the Great, " Ital / Austrian choreographer, dies at 75
  • 01-21Auguste Franchomme: Composer, dies at 75
  • 01-24Johann Christian Gebauer: Composer, dies at 75
  • 02-08Arnold Henry Guyot: Swiss / US geologist / meteorologist, dies at 76
  • 02-21John Pike Hullah: Composer, dies at 71
  • 02-23Tambo Tambo: Australian aboriginal / US circus attaction, dies at 23
  • 03-19Alfonse Charles Renaud de Vilback: Composer, dies at 54
  • 03-30Hans Hampel: Composer, dies at 61
  • 03-31Jan T Beelen: Netherlands / Belgian Catholic bible expert, dies at 77
  • 04-03Carel JCH van Nispen tot Sevenaer: Dutch Cath politician, dies at 59
  • 04-06Emanuel Geibel: Writer, dies at 68
  • 04-07Maria van Ackere-Doolaeghe: Flemish Poet (Avondlamp), dies at 80
  • 05-07Judah P Benjamin: Confederate Minister of War, dies at 72
  • 05-09Hermanus W Witteveen: Theologist, dies at 69
  • 05-12Bedrich Friedrich Smetana: Czech Composer (2 Widows), dies at 60
  • 05-13Cyrus Hall McCormick: Inventor
  • 05-17Louis Brassin: Composer, dies at 43
  • 06-08Henry Clay Work: Composer, dies at 51
  • 06-18Juan B Alberdi [Figarillo]: Arg writer (Crime of War), dies at 74
  • 06-21Alexander: Prince / last male descendent of Johan W Friso
  • 06-25Hans Rott: Composer, dies at 25
  • 07-05Victor Masse: Composer, dies at 62
  • 07-10Paul Charles Morphy: US lawyer / chess wizard, dies at 47
  • 08-01Heinrich Laube: Writer
  • 08-14Arnoldus Pannevis: South African shipping agent / linguist, dies at 46
  • 09-17Louis Schubert: Composer, dies at 56
  • 09-30Louis Lacombe: Composer, dies at 65
  • 10-03Hans Makart: Austrian Painter (Geur), dies at 44
  • 11-02Auguste Emmanuel Vaucorbeil: Composer, dies at 62

Events in year of 1885

  • 01-02Gen Wolseley receives last distress signal of General Gordon in Khartoum
  • 01-04Dr W W Grant of Iowa, performs 1st appendectomy (on Mary Gartside, 22)
  • 01-17Brits beat Mahdists at Battle of Abu Klea in Sudan
  • 01-19Battle at Abu Klea Sudan: 800-1000 killed
  • 01-26Muhammad Ahmed ("Mahdi") rebels conquer Khartoum
  • 02-05News of fall of Khartoum reaches London
  • 02-091st Japanese arrive in Hawaii
  • 02-12Carl Peters founds German East-Africa Society
  • 02-21Washington Monument dedicated (Washington, DC)
  • 02-25US Congress condemns barbed wire around government grounds
  • 02-26Congress of Berlin, gives Congo to Belgium and Nigeria to England
  • 03-031st US state (California) establishes a permanent forest commission
  • 03-03American Telephone and Telegraph (AT&T) incorporates
  • 03-03Congress passes Indian Appropriations Act (Indians wards of Federal Government)
  • 03-03US Post Office offers special delivery for 1st-class mail
  • 03-04Grover Cleveland inaugrated as 1st Democratic President since Civil War
  • 03-14"Mikado" opera premieres in London
  • 03-19Louis Riel returns to Canada, proclaims provisional Government of Saskatchewan
  • 03-20John Matzeliger of Suriname patents shoe lacing machine
  • 03-20Yiddish theater opens in New York with Golldfaden operetta
  • 03-212nd French government of Ferry resigns
  • 03-26Eastman Film Co manufactures 1st commercial motion picture film
  • 03-28US Salvation Army officially organized
  • 03-31Great Britain declares Bechuanaland a protectorate
  • 04-30Boston Pops Orchestra forms
  • 05-01Maria "Goeie Mie" Swanenburg sentence to life for killing 27 in Neth
  • 05-02"Good Housekeeping" magazine is 1st published
  • 05-02Congo Free State forms by King Leopold II of Belgium
  • 05-07John E W Thompson, named Minister to Haiti
  • 05-08Sarah Ann Henley survives 76-m jump from Clifton Bridge, Avon, Engl

People born in year of 1885

  • 01-01Roland Diggle: Composer
  • 01-02Johannes Ringers: Dutch water engineer (dikes)
  • 01-08John Curtin: Victoria, Australia -- Australian Prime Minister (Labor, 1941-45)
  • 01-16Wladyslaw Raczkiewicz: President of Poland (1939-40)
  • 01-17E Ball-Hennings: Writer
  • 01-21Umberto Nobile: Italian General
  • 01-23Boleslaw Wallek-Walewski: Composer
  • 01-27Jerome Kern: NYC, New York -- Broadway composer (Showboat, Roberta)
  • 01-30John Henry Towers: Aviator / naval hero
  • 02-01Camille Chautemps: Premier France
  • 02-02Aldo Palazzeschi [Giurlani]: Italian writer (I cavalli bianchi)
  • 02-07Sinclair Lewis: Novelist / social critic (Main Street, Nobel 1930)
  • 02-08Edith Evans: London, England -- Actress (Tom Jones, David Copperfield)
  • 02-09Alban Maria Johannes Berg: Vienna, Austria -- A Lulu of a composer!
  • 02-12Licinio Refice: Composer
  • 02-13Elizabeth Virginia "Bess" Truman: 1st lady (1945-52)
  • 02-15Richard Wurz: Composer
  • 02-21Sacha Guitry: France -- Actor / playwright (Story of a Cheat)
  • 02-24Chester Nimitz: US Admiral (commanded Pacific fleet in WWII)
  • 02-24Joseph Sprinzak: Speaker of Israeli Knesset (1949-59)
  • 02-24Juliusz Kaden-Bandrowski: Polish Novelist / satirist (Black Wings)
  • 02-26Lili Green [Alice Sally Mary]: Netherlands -- Eng dancer
  • 03-01Lionel Atwill: English / US actor (Mystery of the Wax Museum)
  • 03-04Willem H Winkel: Dutch Physician / founder (Red Cross of Curacao)
  • 03-06Ring Lardner: United States -- Writer (You Know Me Al)
  • 03-09Ringgold "Ring" Lardner: Baseball player
  • 03-11Malcolm Campbell: 1st auto racer to travel 5 miles / min (8 km / min)
  • 03-16Giacomo Benvenuti: Composer
  • 03-16Sydney Chaplin: South Africa -- Actor (Limelight)
  • 03-20Eugen Herrigel: Germany -- Philosopher / early pioneer of Zen in Europe

People died in year of 1885

  • 01-04Eduard Yosif Kotek: Composer, dies at 29
  • 01-19Fred Burnaby: English Colonel / balloon pioneer, dies in battle
  • 01-24Martin R Delany: Politician and black nationalist, dies at 72
  • 01-26Charles George Gordon: British Governor-General (Sudan), executed at 51
  • 02-15Leopold Damrosch: Composer, dies at 52
  • 02-18Charlotte Helen Sainton-Dolby: Composer, dies at 61
  • 03-28Fredrick Vilhelm Ludvig Norman: Composer, dies at 53
  • 03-31Franz W Abbot: German Composer / choir conductor
  • 03-31Franz Wilhelm Abt: German Composer / choir conductor, dies at 65
  • 03-31Philipp Fahrbach: Composer, dies at 69
  • 04-10John H Scholten: Theologist (Free Want), dies at 73
  • 04-23William Henry Holmes: Composer, dies at 73
  • 05-04Aleksandar I Karadjordjevic: Monarch of Serbia (1842-58), dies at 78
  • 05-05Lauro Rossi: Composer, dies at 73
  • 05-08Pavel Krizkovsky: Composer, dies at 65
  • 05-10Edward Stephen: Composer, dies at 62
  • 05-13Juliana Horatia [Gatty] Ewing: Author (Lob Lie-by-the-Fire)
  • 05-21Gavril Yakimovich Lomakin: Composer, dies at 73
  • 05-29Alfred von Meissner: Austria Physician / writer (Ziska), dies at 63
  • 06-05Julius Benedict: Composer (Protoghesi), dies at 80
  • 06-14Agustin Bethencourt: Venezuelan publisher on Curacao, dies at 58
  • 06-22Mahdi [Muhammad Ahmed]: Sudanese music reviewer
  • 07-07Nicola De Giosa: Composer, dies at 66
  • 07-08Hendrick Waelput: Composer, dies at 39
  • 07-08Henry Waelput: Flemish Composer / conductor (Blessing of Arms)
  • 07-23Ulysses S Grant: 18th US pres, dies at 63 in Mount McGregor, New York
  • 08-07Antony EJ Modderman: Dutch Minister of Justice (1879-83), dies at 46
  • 08-12Georg Curtius: German classical / linguist / philologist, dies at 65
  • 08-20Edouard J A Agneessens: Flemish Painter (Slave Market), dies at 42
  • 08-28Julius Hopp: Composer, dies at 66