Events in year of 1885

  • 01-02Gen Wolseley receives last distress signal of General Gordon in Khartoum
  • 01-04Dr W W Grant of Iowa, performs 1st appendectomy (on Mary Gartside, 22)
  • 01-17Brits beat Mahdists at Battle of Abu Klea in Sudan
  • 01-19Battle at Abu Klea Sudan: 800-1000 killed
  • 01-26Muhammad Ahmed ("Mahdi") rebels conquer Khartoum
  • 02-05News of fall of Khartoum reaches London
  • 02-091st Japanese arrive in Hawaii
  • 02-12Carl Peters founds German East-Africa Society
  • 02-21Washington Monument dedicated (Washington, DC)
  • 02-25US Congress condemns barbed wire around government grounds
  • 02-26Congress of Berlin, gives Congo to Belgium and Nigeria to England
  • 03-031st US state (California) establishes a permanent forest commission
  • 03-03American Telephone and Telegraph (AT&T) incorporates
  • 03-03Congress passes Indian Appropriations Act (Indians wards of Federal Government)
  • 03-03US Post Office offers special delivery for 1st-class mail
  • 03-04Grover Cleveland inaugrated as 1st Democratic President since Civil War
  • 03-14"Mikado" opera premieres in London
  • 03-19Louis Riel returns to Canada, proclaims provisional Government of Saskatchewan
  • 03-20John Matzeliger of Suriname patents shoe lacing machine
  • 03-20Yiddish theater opens in New York with Golldfaden operetta
  • 03-212nd French government of Ferry resigns
  • 03-26Eastman Film Co manufactures 1st commercial motion picture film
  • 03-28US Salvation Army officially organized
  • 03-31Great Britain declares Bechuanaland a protectorate
  • 04-30Boston Pops Orchestra forms
  • 05-01Maria "Goeie Mie" Swanenburg sentence to life for killing 27 in Neth
  • 05-02"Good Housekeeping" magazine is 1st published
  • 05-02Congo Free State forms by King Leopold II of Belgium
  • 05-07John E W Thompson, named Minister to Haiti
  • 05-08Sarah Ann Henley survives 76-m jump from Clifton Bridge, Avon, Engl

People born in year of 1885

  • 01-01Roland Diggle: Composer
  • 01-02Johannes Ringers: Dutch water engineer (dikes)
  • 01-08John Curtin: Victoria, Australia -- Australian Prime Minister (Labor, 1941-45)
  • 01-16Wladyslaw Raczkiewicz: President of Poland (1939-40)
  • 01-17E Ball-Hennings: Writer
  • 01-21Umberto Nobile: Italian General
  • 01-23Boleslaw Wallek-Walewski: Composer
  • 01-27Jerome Kern: NYC, New York -- Broadway composer (Showboat, Roberta)
  • 01-30John Henry Towers: Aviator / naval hero
  • 02-01Camille Chautemps: Premier France
  • 02-02Aldo Palazzeschi [Giurlani]: Italian writer (I cavalli bianchi)
  • 02-07Sinclair Lewis: Novelist / social critic (Main Street, Nobel 1930)
  • 02-08Edith Evans: London, England -- Actress (Tom Jones, David Copperfield)
  • 02-09Alban Maria Johannes Berg: Vienna, Austria -- A Lulu of a composer!
  • 02-12Licinio Refice: Composer
  • 02-13Elizabeth Virginia "Bess" Truman: 1st lady (1945-52)
  • 02-15Richard Wurz: Composer
  • 02-21Sacha Guitry: France -- Actor / playwright (Story of a Cheat)
  • 02-24Chester Nimitz: US Admiral (commanded Pacific fleet in WWII)
  • 02-24Joseph Sprinzak: Speaker of Israeli Knesset (1949-59)
  • 02-24Juliusz Kaden-Bandrowski: Polish Novelist / satirist (Black Wings)
  • 02-26Lili Green [Alice Sally Mary]: Netherlands -- Eng dancer
  • 03-01Lionel Atwill: English / US actor (Mystery of the Wax Museum)
  • 03-04Willem H Winkel: Dutch Physician / founder (Red Cross of Curacao)
  • 03-06Ring Lardner: United States -- Writer (You Know Me Al)
  • 03-09Ringgold "Ring" Lardner: Baseball player
  • 03-11Malcolm Campbell: 1st auto racer to travel 5 miles / min (8 km / min)
  • 03-16Giacomo Benvenuti: Composer
  • 03-16Sydney Chaplin: South Africa -- Actor (Limelight)
  • 03-20Eugen Herrigel: Germany -- Philosopher / early pioneer of Zen in Europe

People died in year of 1885

  • 01-04Eduard Yosif Kotek: Composer, dies at 29
  • 01-19Fred Burnaby: English Colonel / balloon pioneer, dies in battle
  • 01-24Martin R Delany: Politician and black nationalist, dies at 72
  • 01-26Charles George Gordon: British Governor-General (Sudan), executed at 51
  • 02-15Leopold Damrosch: Composer, dies at 52
  • 02-18Charlotte Helen Sainton-Dolby: Composer, dies at 61
  • 03-28Fredrick Vilhelm Ludvig Norman: Composer, dies at 53
  • 03-31Franz W Abbot: German Composer / choir conductor
  • 03-31Franz Wilhelm Abt: German Composer / choir conductor, dies at 65
  • 03-31Philipp Fahrbach: Composer, dies at 69
  • 04-10John H Scholten: Theologist (Free Want), dies at 73
  • 04-23William Henry Holmes: Composer, dies at 73
  • 05-04Aleksandar I Karadjordjevic: Monarch of Serbia (1842-58), dies at 78
  • 05-05Lauro Rossi: Composer, dies at 73
  • 05-08Pavel Krizkovsky: Composer, dies at 65
  • 05-10Edward Stephen: Composer, dies at 62
  • 05-13Juliana Horatia [Gatty] Ewing: Author (Lob Lie-by-the-Fire)
  • 05-21Gavril Yakimovich Lomakin: Composer, dies at 73
  • 05-29Alfred von Meissner: Austria Physician / writer (Ziska), dies at 63
  • 06-05Julius Benedict: Composer (Protoghesi), dies at 80
  • 06-14Agustin Bethencourt: Venezuelan publisher on Curacao, dies at 58
  • 06-22Mahdi [Muhammad Ahmed]: Sudanese music reviewer
  • 07-07Nicola De Giosa: Composer, dies at 66
  • 07-08Hendrick Waelput: Composer, dies at 39
  • 07-08Henry Waelput: Flemish Composer / conductor (Blessing of Arms)
  • 07-23Ulysses S Grant: 18th US pres, dies at 63 in Mount McGregor, New York
  • 08-07Antony EJ Modderman: Dutch Minister of Justice (1879-83), dies at 46
  • 08-12Georg Curtius: German classical / linguist / philologist, dies at 65
  • 08-20Edouard J A Agneessens: Flemish Painter (Slave Market), dies at 42
  • 08-28Julius Hopp: Composer, dies at 66

Events in year of 1886

  • 01-011st Tournament of Roses (Pasadena, California)
  • 01-15Weekly Herald, 1st Vancouver, BC newspaper, publishes 1st issue
  • 01-19Aurora Ski Club, 1st in US, founded in Minnesota
  • 01-26Karl Benz patents 1st auto with burning motor
  • 01-271st British government of Salisbury resigns
  • 01-291st successful gasoline-driven car patented, Karl Benz, Karlsruhe
  • 02-09President Cleveland declares a state of emergency in Seattle because of anti-Chinese violence
  • 02-122nd British government of Salisbury forms
  • 02-13Painter Thomas Eakins resigns from Philadelphia Academy of Art after controversial over use of male nudes in a coed art class
  • 02-23Aluminum manufacturing process developed
  • 03-061st US alternating current power plant starts, Great Barrington, Massachusetts
  • 03-17Carrollton Massacre, (Mississippi) 20 blacks killed
  • 03-201st AC power plant in US begins commercial operation, Massachusetts
  • 03-261st cremation in England
  • 03-29Chemist John Pemberton begins to advertise for Coca-Coke
  • 04-06City of Vancouver BC incorporated
  • 04-06Declaration of Berlin neutralizes Tonga
  • 04-25Sigmund Freud opens practice at Rathausstrasse 7, Vienna
  • 04-291st public Dutch electricity opens
  • 05-01US general strike for 8 hour day, begins
  • 05-03M A Maclean elected 1st Mayor of Vancouver, BC
  • 05-04Haymarket riot in Chicago; bomb kills 7 policemen
  • 05-2114th Preakness: S Fisher aboard Bard wins in 2:45
  • 06-02Grover Cleveland is 1st to wed during presidency (Frances Folsom)
  • 06-0324 Christians burn to death in Namgongo Uganda
  • 06-0520th Belmont: Jim McLaughlin aboard Inspector B wins in 2:41
  • 06-081st Civil Rights Act passes
  • 06-13Fire destroys nearly 1,000 buildings in Vancouver, BC
  • 07-031st New York Tribune printing using 1st commercial linotype machine
  • 07-03In Germany, Karl Benz drives 1st automobile

People born in year of 1886

  • 01-02Moyshe Leyb Halpern: Galican / US poet (In New-York)
  • 01-03John G Fletcher: United States -- Poet (Epic of Arkansas)
  • 01-03Josephine Hull: Newtonville, Massachusetts -- Academy award actress (Harvey)
  • 01-08Noble Drew Ali [Timothy Drew]: North Carolina, United States -- Prophet (Moorish Science Temple)
  • 01-10Jose Antonio de Donostia: Composer
  • 01-11George Zucco: England, United Kingdom -- Actor (Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, Captain Fury)
  • 01-14Hugh Lofting: England, United Kingdom -- Writer and illustrator (Dr Dolittle)
  • 01-17Glenn Luther Martin: Aviator (Collier Trophy-1933)
  • 01-17Ronald Firbank: London, England -- Novelist (Flower Beneath the Foot)
  • 01-18Antoine Pevsner: French sculptor
  • 01-18Peter Alma: Dutch painter / graphic artist
  • 01-21Gustaaf Sap: Belgian Minister of Finance / Economy
  • 01-22John Joseph Becker: Composer
  • 01-26Joannes A Veraart: Dutch economist / MP (Jews of the Netherlands)
  • 01-31Alfonso Lopez: Colombia -- Statesman (President UN Security Council - 1948)
  • 02-02Kurt Baschwitz: German / Dutch sociologist / journalist (Du und)
  • 02-03Erwin Kroll: Composer
  • 02-08Charlie Ruggles: Los Angeles, California -- Actor (Ruggles, Aesop-Bullwinkle Show)
  • 02-12Gustaf Lazarus Nordqvist: Composer
  • 02-12Michel Brusselmans: Composer
  • 02-14Theodor Werner: German painter
  • 02-15Sax Rohmer: England, United Kingdom -- Author (Dr Fu Manchu)
  • 02-16Van Wyck Brooks: New Jersey, United States -- Literary historian / writer (Ordeal of Mark Twain)
  • 02-19George Luther Foote: Composer
  • 02-20Bela Kun: Cehu Silvaniei, Romania -- Head of Hungarian Soviet Republic (1919)
  • 02-22Hugo Ball: German playwright / co-founder Flametti
  • 02-23Albert Edward Sammons: Composer
  • 02-27Hugo L Black: Alabama, United States -- (Sen-D-Alabama) / 78th Supreme Court Justice (1937-71)
  • 02-28Max Vasmer: German slavic (La Tertulia de Pombo)
  • 03-01Oskar Kokoschka: Russia / Austrian / British, painter (Erasmus Prize 1960)

People died in year of 1886

  • 01-04Ernest Panckoucke: French publisher (Horace), dies at 77
  • 01-09Jakob Eduard Schmolzer: Composer, dies at 73
  • 01-18Michal Czajchovski [Sadik Pasja]: Writer
  • 03-18Leopold Zunz: German intellect (Synagogue Poetry), dies at 91
  • 03-29John Keble: Theologian, Bournemouth
  • 03-31Giovanni Rossi: Composer, dies at 57
  • 04-09Joseph V von Scheffel: German writer (Ekkehard), dies at 60
  • 04-13Karoly Thern: Composer, dies at 68
  • 05-01Conrad Busken Huet: Writer (Country of Rubens)
  • 05-01Heinrich Franz Daniel Stiehl: Composer, dies at 56
  • 05-05Joseph Albert: German photographer (Albertotype), dies at 61
  • 05-15Emily Dickinson: US poet, dies at 55
  • 06-13Ludwig II: King of Bavaria, drowns, dies at 40
  • 06-18Joannes A Paredis: Belgian / Netherlands Bishop of Roermond, dies at 90
  • 07-05Henry Gerhard: Founder (Social-Democratic Union), dies at 57
  • 07-16Ned Buntline [Edward Zane Carroll Judson]: Author
  • 07-29Adolf Muller: Composer, dies at 84
  • 07-29Solomon Gazfried: Rabbi / Author (Kitzur Shulchan Aruch)
  • 07-31Franz von Liszt [Ferencz]: Hungarian pianist / composer, dies at 74
  • 08-03Per August Olander: Composer, dies at 62
  • 08-06Wilhelm Scherer: German literature historian, dies at 45
  • 08-10Eduard Grell: Composer, dies at 85
  • 08-13Adolf von Doss: Composer, dies at 62
  • 08-16Swami Ramakrishna: Indies philosopher, dies at 50
  • 08-22Jose da Silva Mendes Leal: Portuguese Author (Indiana), dies at 67
  • 09-14Hubert Reis: Composer, dies at 84
  • 09-20John Liptrot Hatton: Composer, dies at 77
  • 10-10David L Yule: 1st Jewish US senator
  • 10-23Johann Nepomuk Kafka: Composer, dies at 67
  • 11-08Frederick J "Fred" Archer: English jockey, commits suicide at 29